Who, what, when, how
Resource sharing requires sophisticated access control. Shared resource providers
need control over who can access what, when, how and there can be many who, what,
when, and how in large collaborative environments.
This level of access control is also required to be a dynamic process so that
access rights and permissions can be updated easily at any time, and especially
during operations. A rich entitlement system is required as not only the resources,
users, rights and permissions can change, but the structures (ex: organizations,
departments, groups, etc.) to which users and resources are attached can and do
change (ex: acquisitions, reorganizations, refactoring, evolution, etc.).
Such a rich distributed entitlement environment also requires powerful distributed
management and graphical modeling tools that provide administrators with adequate
support, automation, and validation for this management process efficiency.
Costs of failure
Again, failure to provide adequate entitlement and entitlement management support
prevents the collaboration process from operating successfully, leading to
project failure, cost and investment waste, and major frustrations.
And, of course, this is further amplified when collaborators also happen to compete
in some markets, which is usually the case.